Coco Peat (Coir Fibre Pith), also known as coir pith or coir , is a by product after extracting fibres from the husk of a coconut. Coco peat is the binding material that comes from the fibre portion of the coconut husk.
The coco peat is washed, dried, screened and graded before being processed into various Coco peat products for Horticultural, Floriculture and Industrial Absorbent applications. Coco peat is usually shipped in the form of compressed bales, briquettes, Grow Bags, slabs and discs. The compressed coco peat is converted into fluffy coco peat by the addition of water. A single kilogram of coco peat will expand to 15 litres of moist coco peat.
When plants are grown exclusively in coco peat, it is important to add nutrients according to the specific plants' needs.
ECOMIX coco peat is sourced from Ecomix fiber manufacturing facility in the coconut triangle region of Western Ghats of South Australia.
Unwashed cocopeat is the natural raw form of the product, which has a higher EC level. Washed cocopeat has been washed using clean, natural spring water to lower the EC level.
Buffered cocopeat (sometimes known as treated) has been treated to reduce the Potassium and Sodium Chloride levels, and to increase the Nitrogen level. It also has a lower EC level.
Many people have an image of coconut palms on beaches, and think that coco peat being washed in seawater lagoons. There is a practise of soaking coconut husk in sea water to process coconut fibre yarn. But that coco peat is not suitable for growing plants. Now with new machines, processing the husk into fibre yarns without soaking in water is possible. This type of coco peat is suitable for growing plants.
Coconut plants which are growing near coastal areas and hard water sources tend to show high EC levels naturally. But plants which grow inlands where low EC water available are much safer and low in Ec.
our factory is located inland, (average elevation of 293 metres (961 feet)) there is far less salt in the ground than regions closer to the coast, meaning that the coco peat we use has a significantly lower level of Sodium Chloride. We only use fresh water to wash our coir. We also take care to treat the coco peat when it is being used to grow plants which require a very low EC level.
Because cocopeat is natural, it is completely biodegradable. However, it retains its structure and absorbency for several years after planting, which means that the same coir can and is frequently used for several years. After use, it can be added to the ground as a soil conditioner without any adverse implications for the environment.
As long as there is no contamination, cocopeat can be re-used for several crop cycles, depending on the plant requirements and the grower’s needs and preferences. We recommend flushing the coir between cycles and may be replenished with additional quantity if required.
Cocopeat has excellent absorbent properties, meaning that it can hold nutrients very well, and release them to the plant over a prolonged period. We supply coir in its natural form with no nutrients added (except the buffered products).